Together with cardiologist Oleg Volkov, we will figure out how to recognize these diseases and what to do for prevention
A few weeks ago, the press and social networks were shocked by the news: the famous businesswoman and Instagram blogger Anna Buzova had a stroke. Despite her young age, quitting smoking and alcohol, as well as an active sports lifestyle, the girl was admitted to the hospital with a serious diagnosis.
Stroke and heart attack are diseases based on the same mechanism of formation, only in the first case the brain suffers, and in the second – the heart. With a stroke, cerebral circulation is impaired due to blockage or rupture of cerebral vessels. Myocardial infarction, in turn, is characterized by the insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle due to blockage of one of the vessels of the heart.
A stroke can lead to serious consequences: paralysis, speech impairment, impaired vision, hearing, memory. The restoration of these functions directly depends on the extent of the lesion and the time until the restoration of the disturbed blood flow. At the same time, it is important to seek medical help as soon as possible – the bill goes on hours.
More and more often very young people aged 30-40 are in ambulances. The risk of such diseases depends on many reasons, but first of all – on heredity, concomitant diseases, and the lifestyle that a person leads.
A beginning heart attack can be recognized by a number of classic symptoms:
– Intense pain behind the sternum of a pressing burning character, radiating to the left half of the chest, left shoulder, lower jaw;
– Violation of the heart rhythm;
– Pale skin, cold sweat;
– Severe weakness, dizziness, combined with nausea or even vomiting.
A stroke has manifestations somewhat different from a heart attack:
– Sudden facial asymmetry;
– Sudden weakness in any limb, for example, inability to raise an arm;
– Impaired speech and vision;
– Loss of coordination, violation of gait;
– Sharp, sudden headache, dizziness.
Today people are more prone to stress – troubles at work, non-observance of the balance of work and rest lead to early exhaustion and weakening of all body systems.
When a person comes to the doctor with complaints of heart or headaches, first of all, family history is necessarily collected, because hereditary predisposition can also play a role in the occurrence of early heart attacks and strokes. Of course, add fuel to the fire and bad habits – smoking, excessive alcohol consumption. A significant contribution to this trend is also made by a large amount of easily digestible carbohydrates and transgenic fats. This leads to overweight, diabetes, and other problems that add stress to the heart and blood vessels. In the future, this can lead to thrombosis.
Men are more susceptible to the development of heart attacks and strokes. Most male patients are smokers and abuse alcohol – which once again points to the relationship between the risk of disease and the presence of bad habits. In women, an important risk factor, in addition to the above, is the use of oral contraceptives for a long period.
Social factors also influence the development of diseases of the cardiovascular system – job loss, financial difficulties, economic crisis are also serious triggers.
Today, serious demands are made on young people, more responsibilities are imposed on them. Contrary to the modern hyperactive rhythm, it is necessary to reconsider your lifestyle. Quitting smoking, sleeping for at least 7-8 hours a day, a balanced diet with limited animal fats, walking in the fresh air, good rest from gadgets is effective prevention of the development of heart attacks and strokes. If you notice that you have become more irritable, nervous, the level of stress resistance has dropped below the baseboard, then you should not hesitate to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist – the soul also needs treatment and care, just like our body.
Regularly it is worth undergoing examinations in order to early diagnose diseases. Even if nothing bothers you and you do not feel physical pain, be sure to visit your therapist once a year – he will measure your blood pressure; give a referral for blood tests and other additional examinations, if he deems it necessary. Regular interruptions in the work of the heart, shortness of breath, chest pain are indications for contacting a cardiologist. Do not neglect these symptoms. Mindfulness and alertness are the paths to cardiovascular success.